Trees available at Zone Ten
This is a photo album selection of some of the trees available at Zone Ten Nursery along with background and cultural information. There are a lot of color photos on this page and it will take a couple of minutes to load completely, but you should be able to read the text while you wait for all the pictures to develop. These pages show plants we frequently carry but we may not have all of them all of the time. Our Excel plant list is the most reliable listing of plants available at any given time. Email us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Adansonia digitata - Baobab
A very difficult to find an unusual tree from Africa. May attain 50 feet in height, but the most striking feature is the enormously wide trunk. (Not suitable for small lots.) In Africa, one living tree has been hollowed out and used as a local jail. The spring/summer flowers are large, white, spectacular and very strange. Winter deciduous. Drought tolerance high. Full light. Easy to grow.
Adenanthera pavonia / Red Sandelwood
Fast-growing semi-deciduous tree to 50 ft. has fragrant cream-colored flowers in spikes. Seed pods are curly brown with bright red seeds. From Tropical Asia to the Solomon Islands. Moderate salt/ high drought tolerance. Zones 10-12
Unusual, shrubby, evergreen tree to 15 feet, has silver green spiraling foliage. Grows straight up; does not have a spreading crown. Clusters of small yellow and white orchid-like flowers appear in spring and summer. An ideal choice for a small focal-point tree. From Senegal to Ethiopia. Very uncommon. Zones 10-11
Beaucarnea recurvata (syn. Nolina recurvata)
Thee "Pony Tail Palm" is not a palm at all. It is a member of the Agave family and is native to Mexico. It is truly one of the most striking additions imaginable to your landscape collection. It usually does not exceed 15 feet in South Florida soils. Likes full to partial sun, average amounts of water and a well-drained soil. The base of the trunk becomes massively swollen as it grows, giving the plant an exotic appearance. The flowers are highly unusual as well.
Bombax glabra - French Peanut
This member of the Bombacaceae family is often confused in the literature with the Malabar Chestnut (Pachira aquatica) but it is a distinct species which differs in many ways from that tree.
This tree has a distinctively swollen trunk base - even when young. The flowers are smaller than in the chestnut and are pure white with no red on the stamens. They are also very fragrant with a sort of vanilla aroma. A medium height specimen tree with attractive foliage. Fruits are much smaller than in P. aqautica, and elongated rather than round. The allegedly edible seeds are only about 1 inch long. Grow in full sun for best flower production.
Brachychiton acerifolius - Illiwana Flame Tree
Spectacular fast growing tree from east Australia grows to 40 feet. It is deciduous in the winter time and brilliant red flowers appear in spring and summer. The base of the tree swells to a bottle shape when older. Unusual leaf shape. It has high drought tolerance/ medium salt tolerance. Zones 9-12
Brya ebenus / Jamaican Rain Tree
This graceful evergreen shrub or tree native to the West Indies, grows to a typical height of 25-30 feet. It blooms year-round with small orange-yellow flowers covering its branches, especially after heavy rains. It has high drought tolerence/ medium salt tolerance. Zones 10-11
Bursera simarouba - Gumbo Limbo Tree
One of the most attractive native trees for South Florida, the Gumbo Limbo has peeling reddish bark (thus the name "Tourist Tree"), and grows rapidly to around 50 feet. Good for open planting as a specimen tree or for re-creation of an Everglades hammock environment. Makes a nice street tree as well. Drought and salt tolerant. May be deciduous if not watered during the dry winter months. Zones 10 and 11. Burseraceae family.
Caesalpinia mexicana - Mexican caesalpinia
A delicate-looking yellow-flowering tree with open canopy grows to only about 18 feet in Ssouth Florida. Blooms summer to fall. Full sun for at least part of the day. Zones 9-11.
Calliandra emarginata / Dwarf Powderpuff
This is a different species from the large powderpuff but has simliar red flowers. This evergreen species grows to only 6 feet, so it makes a good patio plant. Blooms in spring/summer. From Mexico and Guatemala. High drought tolerance. Zones 10-11.
Calliandra haematocephalla / Red Powderpuff and white form, 'alba'
This plant can be grown as an attractive flowering tree to 15 feet if you are willing to keep up with the pruning. Otherwise, it makes an excellent screening shrub. Flower color varies from pinkish to red. The white form is a smaller plant with less dense foliage. Blooms fall through spring. From Bolivia. Zones 10-11.
Cananga odorata - Ylang Ylang
a collector's favorite from Southeast Asia. A member of the Annonaceae family, this tree is related to the sugar apple and soursop and grows to about 40 or 50 feet in South Florida. It makes an outstanding specimen tree and is rather uncommon. It is grown primarily for the intensely fragrant flowers which are produced along the branches on and off throughout the year. The flowers, which are especially fragrant evening through morning, are actually used to manufacture perfume. Zones 10-11. Full sun. Resistant to pests and diseases.
Cassia surattensis - Glaucous Cassia; Scrambled Egg Tree
A medium size (to 15 feet), fast growing flowering tree from Polynesia in the Caesalpiniaceae family . This is one of the few cassias which like to grow in a tree form. It makes a nice dooryard or entrance gate specimen and works well in a median, as shown here. Blooms in cycles year-round. Full sun. Drought tolerant once established. Called Kolomona in the South Pacific.
Chorisia x hybridum - Pink Floss Silk Tree x Kapok
Few sites equal that of a Chorisia in full bloom. They sometimes start during late summer, but fall is their time of glory. The strange, spiny trunk makes the tree look all that much more unusual. Fast-growing, with highly variable, lily-like flowers in various combinations of white, pink - often with purple to red striations on the petals. A large (45 feet), fast-growing tree for zones 10 and 11. Bombacaceae family. Drought tolerant. We believe that the trees we currently have are a natural hybrid cross between Chorisa speciosa and Ceiba Pentandra, the Kapok tree. They are still too young to bloom, but look like the silk floss and bear spines like that species.
Clerodendrum minahasse - Fairchild's Clerodendrum
Showy clusters of 4 inch white, tubular flowers appear spring-fall. Calyx opens deep red with a single blue seed. A small shrubby semi-deciduous tree from Malaysia; medium growth rate to 10 feet. Full sun to light shade. Low salt/drought tolerance. Prefers partial shade. Zones 10-11
Cocoloba uvifera - Sea Grape
A hardy, salt-tolerant tree or large shrub to 25 feet but usually less. Fruit is sometimes used to make jelly or wine. Attractive leaves can be used as plates. Native to Florida and the Caribbean. Our trees are all females and will provide fruit.
Cordia lutea - Yellow Cordia
Lovely bell-shaped pure yellow flowers appear throughout the year on this small evergreen, shrubby tree. Typical height is 10-15 feet. It has medium salt tolerance. It originates from Peru and Ecuador. Plant in full sun. Zones 10-11
Crescentia cujete - CalabashEvergreen tree to 35 feet with medium growth rate which has unusual branching and produces gourd shaped fruits. From Mexico through Guatemala. Medium salt/ high drought tolerance. Zones 10-11
Delonix regia - Royal Poinciana
Native to Madagascar, this lovely spreading, fast growing tree grows to 40 feet. It is deciduous and blooms in late spring and through summer. Flower colors range from bright orange to deep red and even yellow. Medium salt / high drought tolerance. Zones 10-11
Enterolobium cyclocarpum - Elephant's Ear Tree
Fast growing deciduous tree to 40 feet or more is native to the West Indies and tropical America. It has small white flowers in clusters in the spring, followed by quirky flat, circular, fluted brown pods. Very wind resistant.
Filicium decipiens - Japanese Fern tree
This hard-to-find elegant shade tree bears unusual foliage and maintains a spherical crown. Medium growth rate. Zones 10 & 11. From Sri Lanka and southern India. See our specimen tree (NW corner of the outdoor display area.) Evergreen. It will eventually grow to about 30 feet in height.
Jacquinia armillaris - Torchwood
This evergreen tree grows to 15 ft with a multi-stemmed growth habit; trunks are typically greenish-yellow. Fragrant flowers appear spring/summer. Native to the West Indies and northern So. America. Drought- and extremely salt- tolerant. Plant parts and fruits poisonous if eaten. Zones10-11
Jatropha multifida - Coral Tree
A small, strange tree to about 15 feet from Central America. Attractive, showy, deeply lobed foliage and scarlet terminal flowers on and off all year. Seeds are poisonous. Drought tolerant/ medium salt tolerance. Good container plant. Zones 10-12
Weeping evergreen shade tree with reddish new growth to 25 ft. has small white flowers appearing in spring/summer. Medium growth rate with high salt tolerance and high drought tolerance. From the West Indies. Zones 10B-11
Oroxylum indicum - Midnight Horror
Very unusual flowering tree to 40 feet with leaves to 5 ft. long and flower racemes to 5 ft. The reddish blooms resembling Kigella flowers hold copious nectar that attract bats in its native countries in Indo-Malaysia. Seed pods are 2 ft. long resembling swords. Zones 10-12
Pachira aquatica - Guiana Chestnut; Provision Tree; Malabar Chestnut
This is a beautiful shade and flowering tree that is very under-utilized in South Florida. Ours flowers pretty much all year long and never drops its leaves. There is much confusion regarding this species in the literature. (See comments, above, in description of Bombax glabra.) This tree is an excellent choice for areas with very wet soil, but it does not require it. Roots will often flute and buttress in the wild, but usually not so much in local plantings. The tree should not be planted near a septic field, however. This is a spectacular and unusual shade tree with enormous flowers throughout the year. The fruit is edible - roasted like chestnuts or boiled as a vegetable.
Parkinsonia aculeata - Jerusalem Thorn Tree; Palo Verde A medium small (about 25’ in S. Florida) drought-tolerant flowering tree from Central America. Small, orchid-like yellow blossoms on and off all year, but heaviest in spring and summer. Zones 9-11. Delicate bonsai-like appearance. Full sun. Semi-deciduous.
A curious tree to 30 ft. and indigenous to Panama. Grown as an ornamental novelty. Long, waxy, yellow fruits look like dinner candles and hang from the trunk. Makes a nice bonsai. White, cauliflorous flowers in the spring. Evergreen. Medium salt/ drought tolerance. Zones 10-11
Peltophorum pterocarpum, P. dubium - Yellow Flame Tree
A tree growing to about 30 feet or less in this area, bears yellow blooms in late spring through autumn. Native to tropical Asia and the South Pacific. Makes a nice medium size street tree. The two species are difficult to tell apart.
Plumeria rubra - Frangipani
An unusual-looking small tree from Central America. It grows to about 20 feet and is deciduous during the winter months. Flowers are quite fragrant. We have available the yellow and rainbow-striped varieties. Apocynaceae family.
Pimenta dioica - Allspice
Medium-sized, evergreen, slow-growing tree to 20 feet with attractive, shiny foliage and eucalyptus-like exfoliating bark. Blooms in spring with clusters of small white flowers. When crushed, the fruits and leaves smell of nutmeg, cloves and cinnamon, thus earning the common name of “Allspice”. Highly drought tolerant but has low salt tolerance. A good patio tree. Zones 10-11
Pseudobombax ellipticum - Pink Shaving Brush Tree
Spectacular and showy with hot pink flowers in winter/spring - usually bare of leaves at that time. Deciduous but fast-growing specimen flowering tree with dark green foliage. Medium salt/ medium drought tolerance. Typical height is 25 feet. Zones 10-11
Simarouba glauca - Paradise Tree
Native to so. Florida, Bahamas and West Indies, this lovely slow growing evergreen tree with fernlike foliage alledgedly grows to 40 feet but we have never seen one taller than about 15 feet. New growth is bright red. Small cream-colored flowers in the summer. High salt/ high drought tolerance. Zones 10B-11.
Spathodea campanulata - African Tulip
A spectacular flowering tree with flower clusters of red to yellow color up to a foot across. Flowers year-round depending on the weather. Fast growing evergreen tree to 60 feet. Full sun, high drought / medium salt tolerance. Zones 10-11
Suriana maritima - Bay Cedar
This native Florida evergreen tree grows to 10 ft with a dense shrubby growth habit. It can tolerate full blast of salt winds and tolerates dry, sandy soils. Has very hard wood. It is reportedly on the endangered list in the wild. Grows in full sun to part shade. Has small attractive yellow flowers in the fall. Zones 10-11.
Tabebuia caraiba - Silver Trumpet Tree
Very showy clumps of yellow flowers in the spring. A medium growing, semi-deciduous tree to 25 feet with silver green foliage, this tree has corky bark and asymmetrical growth habit. It is also highly drought tolerant/ medium salt tolerance. Zones 10-11
Thevetia peruviana - Lucky Nut
(Syn. T. nerifolia) Attractive evergreen shrubby tree to 12 feet with yellow, bell-shaped flowers mostly spring-fall but usually year-round. The unusual fine foliage provides a nice contrast with what is usually seen in the subtropical garden. Sometimes called Yellow Oleander, which it resembles. Good accent plant for small areas, but is poisonous like oleander, so it is not suitable for homes with children. Prefers full sun. High salt tolerance/ medium drought tolerance. Native to tropical America. Zones 10 and 11.