Zone Ten Nursery - Shrubs, Grasses and

Groundcovers Page 2 (H-Z)

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Hamelia patens - Hummingbird Bush; Firebush

A native shrub to 10 feet. Blooms year round and attracts butterflies (nectar only) and hummingbirds. Red- and orange/ yellow-colored flowered varieties are available. The red flowering type is supposedly the Florida native type and the orange type is from Africa. Will take full sun but prefers part shade.  It is highly drought tolerance and has medium salt tolerance.  Zones 10-11


Hibiscus mutabilis - Cotton rose; Confederate Rose

An attractive flowering shrubby tree from China which grows to 15 feet. The double, bright pink flowers reach 5 inches wide, are very full and resemble large chrysanthemums. Grows best in full sun. Flowers fall/ winter/ spring. Zones 8-10




Jacquinia armillaris - Torchwood

This evergreen, shrubby, slowly growing tree grows to 15 feet with a multi-stemmed growth habit; trunks are typically greenish-yellow. Clusters of small fragrant flowers appear spring and summer. It is native to the West Indies and northern South America. It is drought- and extremely salt-tolerant. Plant parts and fruits are poisonous if eaten.  Zones 10-11



Jatropha integerrima - Peregrina

This is a tropical shrub to 8 feet or so and is oneJatropha red 4.JPG (112589 bytes) of the few plants which will give you flowers nearly every day of the year. This plant will tolerate poor soil and drought. It also has medium salt tolerance. It is in the Euphorbiaceae family, so is considered to be a "poisonous plant" like so many in that family. The red variety grows taller than the pink, which only reaches about 5 feet. Zones 10-11



Jatropha multifida - Coral Plant

A small, strange, evergreen tree, usually with multiple trunks, to about 15 feet originating from Central America.  Attractive, showy, deeply lobed foliage and scarlet terminal flowers, that attract butterflies, appear on and off all year. The seeds are poisonous. It has a medium growth rate, and is drought tolerant. It has medium salt tolerance. A good container or patio plant. Zones 10-12



Justicia betonica - White Shrimp Plant

An evergreen shrub to about 4 feet that blooms year-round with white bracts and lavender flowers on terminal, erect spikes held above the foliage. A medium grower, it seems to have medium drought resistance but its salt tolerance is unknown to us. Originates from Malaysia through Tropical Africa. A very nice addition to the garden and it attracts bees. Zone 10





Justicia spicigera - (syn. J. ghiesbreghtiana); Mohintli, Orange Plume

Originating from Mexico and Central America, this shrub blooms all year with clusters of bright orange tubular flowers. It will reach a height of 5-6 feet and requires full sun.  Shade makes the stems leggy and less blooms appear.  It likes regular watering and well-drained soil. Trim back to encourage blooming and branching. A very nice addition to the sunny garden. We have no data on drought or salt tolerance. Zones 10-12



Lantana camara- Lantana

This shrubby evergreen has been hybridized and many cultivars are available with yellow, pink and yellow or bright red flowers, to name a few. The pink and yellow cultivar reaches to about 4 feet. This species blooms year-round and all cultivars that we have grown attract butterflies.   It tolerates a wide range of soils and has high drought and salt tolerances. It does best in full sun. All parts are toxic if eaten.  Zones 9-11


Lantana montevidensis- (syn. L. sellowiana); Trailing lantana

Clusters of lavender flowers, that attract butterflies, appear year-round on this trailing, mounding, evergreen species to about 1-2.5 feet.  It is most often used as a ground cover and is very attractive in planters, where is cascades over short walls. It likes well drained soil and will tolerate a wide variety of soils but will not tolerate over-watering. This species has a medium growth rate, medium drought tolerance and high salt tolerance. It originates from South America. Zones 10-11


Leea coccinea rubra - West Indian Holly

This showy unusual herbaceous perennial has burgundy red, deeply lobed foliage and grows to 6 feet. Flat flower bracts appear in summer with small white flowers. Very tropical and adds color as well as texture to the garden. Full sun to light shade. It has medium salt tolerance and low drought tolerance. This species is cold sensitive. Zones 10-12



Malvaviscus arboreus - Turk's Cap

An heirloom, evergreen, year-round flowering shrub to 8 ft. with bright red or white flowers which is sometimes referred to as "sleeping hibiscus" because the flowers do not completely open. From Mexico, Peru and Brazil. Needs full sun for flowering and is drought tolerant but not salt tolerant. Zones 9-11


Megaskepasma erythrochlamys - Brazilian Red Cloak

A beautiful evergreen flowering shrub to about 10 feet from Venezuela. Purple/ red flower bracts held erect above the foliage may appear at any time during the year. Likes regular watering and well-drained soil. A very nice addition to the tropical landscape. Plant in full sun to part shade. We have no data on salt tolerance. Zones 10-12


Monstera deliciosa - Monstera; Ceriman

A very large evergreen vine originating from Mexico and Central America.  Leaves may be 3 feet wide. Prefers shade and regular watering but has medium drought tolerance once established.  It has low salt tolerance.  White blooms appear in summer and fall and the edible fruit takes about a year to mature. In our yard the fruit are ready for harvesting in November and smells like pineapple.  Note: the edible fruit needs to mature properly, as it contains irritating calcium oxalate crystals. Zones 10-11


Montanoa grandiflora - White pompom

This evergreen shrub came originally from Central America reaches a height of about 12 feet and blooms fall and winter with large white pompom flowers. It likes regular watering and full sun to bloom well. Prune regularly to keep bushy. Zones 9-11



Nandina domestica - Heavenly Bamboo

An unusual foliage shrub to 8 feet from China and Japan where it is used in temple gardens. The new growth is red and the stems resemble bamboo. It blooms in the spring and summer with tiny white flowers; the berries are poisonous if eaten. Heavenly bamboo has a medium growth rate and has medium salt and drought tolerance. It is a nice substitute for bamboo in smaller spaces and adds color as well as unusual texture to a garden. In our yard it prefers light shade, regular watering and well-drained soil. Zones 7-10


Odontonema sp. - Lavender

An unusual low (to about 5 ft.), open, evergreen shrub with mauve flowers that prefers part sun or broken shade. Likes moist but well-drained soil. Blooms winter through spring and sometimes summer.  Zones 10-11




Odontonema strictum - Red Firespike

This evergreen, multi-stemmed shrub from Central America has spikes of bright red tubular flowers. In addition, we sometimes offer O. callistachyum which has deep violet flowers. Blooms are long-lasting and they bloom almost year-round when mature. Mature height is about 6 feet and can be trimmed to encourage branching and blooming.  Likes part or dappled shade and high humidity. Regular fertilizing with time-release or liquid fertilizer will prevent minors deficiencies. Butterflies and hummingbirds love it. Zones 10-11



Orthosiphon stamineus - Cat's Whiskers

A flowering shrub in the mint family that grows to 3-5 feet and originates from tropical Asia and the Pacific. The flowers are produced in delicate-looking white erect clusters. Attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. Likes full sun to partial shade. Needs regular watering to prevent wilt. Trim back to encourage bloom and prevent sprawling and legginess. Zones 10-11


Pedilanthes tithymaloides - Devil's backbone

An evergreen Euphorbia from the Caribbean & Central America that grows to 4 feet, with unusual zigzag branching and red or pink tubular flowers. Somewhat uncommon in cultivation. It is drought tolerant and has medium salt tolerance. It will thrive in full sun to light shade. Zones 10-11



Piper auritum - Yerba Santa; Rootbeer plant;

A very tropical-looking, fast growing, open shrub or small tree to 15 feet from Central America, with unusual sasparilla-scented leaves. The stems are segmented like bamboo. Should be planted in an area where new, rhizome-generated shoots can be controlled. Needs plenty of water, but cannot stand prolonged flooding. Likes full sun to part shade. This Piper adds a tropical look to a garden when planted with gingers or grasses underneath it. Zones 10-11


Plumeria pudica - White Nosegay; Amapola; Floron

A very unusual fragrant, white flowered Plumeria species that flowers throughout the spring and summer but might bloom all year round in warm conditions. It has an unusual growth habit with upright, multi-stems and spoon-shaped leaves, reaching 15 feet in height. Here in Miami, it does not lose its leaves in the fall and winter as other Plumeria do here. It likes well-drained soil and regular watering. It is native to Trinidad, Colombia and Venezuela. Zones 10-11



Russelia sarmentosa - Coral Blow

Clusters of tiny, tubular, coral red flowers appear year-round at the leaf axils on this herbaceous perennial. The unusual growth habit calls for planting it among other plants, as the branches may be as long as 4 feet. Striking when planted with yellow flowering shrubs. It will tolerate full sun to part shade. Medium drought tolerance. Zones 10-11


Sanchezia speciosa

There are several interesting things about this herbaceous shrub from the rainforests of Brazil, Ecuador and Peru. It will prosper in part-sun or shade and, in fact is one of the few reliable bloomers for shady locations, requiring only a little sun to initiate flowers. It also blooms pretty much all year. The large leaves are exotic and heavily yellow-veined with a tremendous amount of variability from leaf to leaf on the same plant. It will reach a height of 6-8 feet and grows at a medium rate. It is not drought tolerant,  it has medium salt tolerance and is cold sensitive. A great addition to the tropical garden. Zones 10 -11




Senna mexicana var. 'Chapmanii' - syn. Cassia bahamensis

An evergreen, slightly gangly yellow-flowering shrub that grows to about 5 feet. It is native to south Florida and the Caribbean region. It has a rather fast growth rate, likes dappled shade, and is highly drought and salt tolerant. It generally blooms in the fall and winter.  Attracts butterflies. Zones 10-11


Senna polyphylla - Desert Senna

Although well-known to south Florida plant aficionados, this flowering shrub from Mexico is very difficult to find in the plant reference books under either "Cassia" or "Senna". It grows to only about 6 feet, whereupon it produces an attractive weeping form and blooms on and off all year round. It looks best as a specimen plant on its own, but works well in a border, too, as shown here. The Desert Senna is drought resistant, as the name implies, and will produce flowers with almost no direct sun, though it will bloom better in full sun. Attracts butterflies - especially sulphurs. Zones 10-11



Sophora tomentosa - Necklace pod

Native to South Florida and the American tropics, this yellow-flowering shrub blooms throughout the year. It likes a sunny location and attracts butterflies and hummingbirds. Necklace-like seed pods are attractive, but poisonous if eaten. New leaves have an unusual silvery, velvety texture. It will reach 6 feet or taller and is salt and drought tolerant. Zones 10-11






Strobilanthes dyeranus - Persian shield

This showy shade-loving perennial from Burma has purple and silver foliage and lavender flowers in spring and summer. A nice addition to a shady garden. Height to 3-4 feet. Keep trimmed to avoid leggyness. Likes moist but well-drained soil. Persian shield has low salt and low drought tolerance. Zones 10-11



Tabernamontana divaricata - Crape Jasmine

An evergreen shrub with very dark green glossy leaves and white flowers that appear in the spring through the fall. It is from from India and grows to about 5 feet. Likes full sun to part shade and has medium salt tolerance but low drought tolerance so water regularly.  Fertilize regularly to prevent deficiencies.  A good species for small spaces. Zones 10-11



Tacoma stans -  Yellow Elder, cv. 'Mayan Gold'

A much more compact and shorter version of this species, reaching only 3-4 feet.  Bright yellow 2-3 inch trumpets with light peach throats are produced in clusters on and off all year-round.  It likes full sun, regular watering and well-drained soil. Very nice for smaller garden areas, adding bright color. Can be trained as a standard. Zones 8-10



Tecomaria capensis - Cape Honeysuckle

Year-round, evergreen, cyclic blooming shrub native to South Africa reaches 6 feet here in Miami.  More blooms appear in winter through spring than in the summer.  It will bloom in full sun to partial shade and pruning increases flowering. It may be grown as an espalier.  The flowers attract hummingbirds. It has medium salt and medium drought tolerance. It adds color and texture to the tropical garden. Zones 9b-11




Thunbergia erecta - King's Mantle; Bush Clock Vine

This species originates from Tropical Africa and will reach a height of 4-5 feet.  White or blue-purple trumpet-shaped blooms 2-3 inches long, appear year-round. Full sun with sufficient water but broken shade is better. It has low drought tolerance and medium salt tolerance.  Fertilize regularly to prevent minor element deficiencies and promote flowering; prune to encourage branching. A very pretty and rewarding addition to any garden. Zones 10-11


Thysanolaena maxima - Tiger Grass

Looks like bamboo but is actually a grass; this vigorously growing clumping perennial reaches about 8 feet and originates from Southeast Asia and China.  Flower plumes appear in the spring and throughout summer. Excellent specimen plant by pools and ponds and softens the appearance of large expanses of walls and fences. Likes full sun, regular watering and well drained soil. Planting in shady areas results in a thinner shorter clump. Definitely not for small spaces.  Zones 7-10




Trimezia martinicensis - Yellow Walking Iris

A perennial iris from Tropical America has bright yellow flowers year-round. It grows to 2-3 feet in full sun to heavy shade but broken shade is best. May be grown as an aquatic plant; it has medium drought tolerance. This species has low salt tolerance. It is one of the few plants we know that can live and thrive in a wide range of conditions. On land, it will form dense beds over time. Zones 10-11



Tripsacum dactyloides - Fakahatchee Grass

A native Florida grass, this herbaceous perennial grows to 4-5 feet at a medium rate. Needs full sun, well-drained soil, and will tolerate drought. It has medium salt tolerance. Can be used to soften the appearance around sheds, wood fences and vast expanses of wall. Very nice when interplanted with trees for a lush appearance. Stalks of seed heads can be used for an unusual accent in flower arrangements. Zones 5-10